A Quintessential Toy Dog– The Pomeranian

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Early History

The Spitz household of dogs comes from the Arctic region of Iceland. Their initial function was rounding up, pulling sleds and safeguarding. Pomeranians are a Spitz and began as a much bigger breed, safeguarding their owners’ residential or commercial property and caution of burglars. The Spitz types shared numerous wolf-like characteristics: little ears to protect against frostbite; an insulating, dense undercoat to trap the warmth; and a tail securely curled over the back.

In time, the Spitz was given Europe, along the southern coast of the Baltic Sea. This region was called Pomerania, which now includes parts of modern-day Poland and Germany, where the breed got its name. Pommore or Pommern means “on the sea.” Dog historians believe this is where the downsizing of the breed began. Many paintings and prints from the 18th century program Poms of different sizes and colors.

Royal Influence

The dog-loving British royals took a fancy to the Pomeranian and helped promote the type’s popularity. Queen Charlotte influenced the progress of the breed when she brought 2 Poms to England in 1767. Phoebe and Mercury were portrayed in paintings by Sir Thomas Gainsborough. Although the set was larger than today’s Pomeranian, weighing most likely 30 to 50 pounds, Queen Charlotte’s Poms however had the small ears, heavy coat and curled tails that are trademarks of the breed. The Prince of Wales (later on George IV) had a black-and-white, parti-colored Pom called Fino that was the subject of a painting in 1791.

In 1873 the Kennel Club (England) was formed and the so-called Spitz canine was amongst the very first breeds recognized. Poms revealed at the time weighed about 18 pounds. In 1888, a Pomeranian from Florence, Italy, called Marco was sent to Queen Charlotte’s granddaughter, Queen Victoria. Marco weighed 12 pounds and was the start of a large breeding kennel Queen Victoria established. Because she was such a popular queen, the Pomeranian’s appeal likewise grew, especially the smaller specimens. At one time she had as many as 35 Poms in her kennel, and on her deathbed, she requested Turi, a favorite Pom, to be at her side.

© GlobalP|Getty Images The Pomeranian in America Pomeranians were first exhibited in this nation in 1892. In 1900, the American Kennel Club (AKC) acknowledged the breed, and the American Pomeranian Club (APC) was formed. The APC held its first national specialized show for the type in 1911 and drew a whopping entry of 262 Poms. (Did you understand: Two of the three pets to endure the sinking of the Titanic were Poms, one bundled into Mrs. Rothschild’s bag on a lifeboat.

Poms and Artists

Throughout history, Poms have actually mesmerized composers and artists. Mozart committed among his finished arias to his family pet Pom, Pimperl. Frederic Chopin, enchanted by a good friend’s Pom chasing his tail, composed the song Waltz of the Little Dog. While Michelangelo was painting the Sistine Chapel, his Pom sat below on a satin pillow supervising the action.

The Pomeranian Color Palette

No breed comes in as numerous colors and color scheme as the Pomeranian. You will find them in all strong colors (black, blue, chocolate, red, orange, cream, white); parti-colors (white with even patches of color); black, blue or chocolate, each with tan points above the eyes, on the cheeks and on the lower legs; brindle (stripes); and merle, a color scheme giving a mottled or marbled appearance. Whatever your heart’s desire, from fragile pastel to vibrant, dramatic multi-color, there will be a Pom someplace to satisfy your tastes.

Coat and Grooming

The Pomeranian is a double-coated breed. The official type basic states that the body “must be well covered with a short, dense undercoat, with long, harsh-textured guard hair growing through, forming the longer, abundant outer coat which stands off from the body. The coat must form a ruff around the neck, framing the head, extending over the shoulders and chest.” While grooming is simple, the thick coat tangles easily, so combing out mats and brushing completely is advised a number of times a week. Regular grooming to keep the mats at bay is specifically essential when the undercoat is being shed, two times yearly.


Pomeranians are confident in nature, friendly and animated. Alert and always familiar with modifications in their environment, excessive barking needs to be resolved early prior to it becomes a persistent issue. This breed likes being the center of attention, which can in some cases get them into difficulty if they become too requiring or want to take on a larger, stronger pet dog they think is stealing their spotlight.

Celeb Pom People

Pomeranians are extremely popular with entertainers and jet-setters. Poms are always prepared for the next close-up. Actors who are partial to Pomeranians consist of Gwen Stefani, Jessica Alba and Keanu Reeves. Socialites and TELEVISION celebrities who are never ever without their Poms consist of mother-and-daughter Sharon and Kelly Osbourne, and Real Housewife of Beverly Hills Lisa Vanderpump.

Allan Reznik is a journalist, editor and broad-caster focusing on dog-related subjects. He is the former editor-in-chief of Dogs in Reviewand previous editor of Dog Fancy publication. A city dweller all his life, on both coasts, he now enjoys the rural South with his Afghan Hounds, Tibetan Span-iels and assorted rescues.

The post A Quintessential Toy Dog– The Pomeranian by Allan Reznik appeared initially on Dogster. Copying over entire posts infringes on copyright laws. You might not be aware of it, but all of these short articles were assigned, contracted and paid for, so they aren’t considered public domain. However, we value that you like the article and would love it if you continued sharing just the very first paragraph of a short article, then connecting out to the remainder of the piece on Dogster.com.

Decoding Dog Gas — When Is It a Problem?

The post Decoding Dog Gas — When Is It a Problem? by Jackie Brown appeared first on Dogster. Copying over entire articles infringes on copyright laws. You may not be aware of it, but all of these articles were assigned, contracted and paid for, so they aren’t considered public domain. However, we appreciate that you like the article and would love it if you continued sharing just the first paragraph of an article, then linking out to the rest of the piece on Dogster.com.

Have you ever been cuddling on the couch with your dog and heard strange rumbling sounds coming from his tummy? Dog gas has some seriously gross side effects. Some dogs belch and others have the opposite problem — their stinky gas can clear a room! “Gas is a normal byproduct of digestion,” explains Tracey Jensen, DVM, Dipl. ABVP, founding partner of Wellington Veterinary Hospital in Wellington, Colorado. “When you hear the stomach gurgling, it’s gas and liquid. It’s the same kind of sounds you hear in a soda can, it just sounds different because it’s inside a dog. Dogs burp just like people do and they expel gas from the intestines in the form of flatulence.”

A dog sitting and looking back.

Is that dog gas normal — or not? Photography ©Fly_dragonfly | Thinkstock.

What’s normal and what’s not?

A small amount of stomach gurgling, burping or even farting is normal for most dogs, but excessive dog gas may signal a problem. “When it’s abnormal is when it’s excessive in volume or odor,” Dr. Jensen says. “When it’s consistent or persistent, it’s an indication of a variety of different things that warrant a visit to your veterinarian.”

Excessive dog gas may be caused by a less-than-ideal diet. If the ingredients in your dog’s food are hard for him to digest, it might result in burping, stomach gurgling or flatulence. Large amounts of dog gas or very foul-smelling dog gas may also be signs of issues like inflammatory bowel disease or intestinal parasites.

Diagnosing abnormal dog gas

If your dog is very gassy, your vet might want to run certain tests, especially a fecal test to check for parasites. When you go to the appointment, bring a fresh stool sample, the label from your dog’s food and any supplements or treats your dog gets at home.

Treating dog gas

If no overt issues are discovered as the cause of the dog gas, your vet might talk to you about switching your dog to a higher quality of the food for increased digestibility, and perhaps adding daily probiotics.

“In uncomplicated cases when there’s not an underlying medical problem, probiotics are fantastic,” Dr. Jensen advises in regards to treating dog gas. “Probiotics vary in their potency and in the evidence behind the specific preparation of probiotic, so definitely visit with your veterinarian so he or she can recommend which probiotics would be best for your pet.”

Although it’s safe to give your dog small amounts of plain yogurt as a healthy snack, he likely won’t reap many benefits from the probiotics found in yogurt. “Let’s face it, dogs and cats eat things that we would never dream of,” Dr. Jensen says. “They have pretty robust digestive systems. Because of that, the probiotics that you find in yogurt are just not potent enough to get to the intestinal tract of our domestic pets.”

Yes, it is more prevalent in certain breeds!  

Some dog breeds are more prone to gas simply because of the way they are built. The pushed-in faces of the brachycephalic breeds, including Boston Terriers, Boxers, Bulldogs and Pugs, causes these dogs to swallow air while they eat, which can lead to excess gas in their digestive tracts. If you have a short-nosed breed, you understand the reality of life with dog gas (good thing they’re so cute!).

A dog eating his meal out of a crate, showing his butt.

What and how your dog eats can affect his issues with gas. Photography ©CarlyDybka | Thinkstock.

How to stop dog gas?

There are some steps you can take to alleviate dog gas, especially in flat-faced breeds. First, make sure the food you’re feeding is very high quality and highly digestible. If you’re not sure, talk to your vet about it. Next, consider giving your dog daily probiotics.

Once those things are in place, take a look at the way your dog is eating. “Chewing is the first part of digestion,” Dr. Jensen says. “When dogs inhale their food, they bypass this important step. Dry food is easy to shovel into their mouths.”

You can also find special pet food bowls that are designed to help short-nosed dogs eat more comfortably and swallow less air, and there are even some brands of dry food designed with brachycephalic breeds in mind. “Pet food companies have addressed how those short-nosed dogs pick up their food and have created kibble to minimize the amount of air that those animals take in as part of picking up their food,” Dr. Jensen explains. “Smaller kibble sizes or kibbles with larger surface areas like those shaped like LifeSavers are preferable for dogs that do not chew their food.”

A few other tricks that might help cut down on swallowing air during mealtimes and reduce dog gas? Elevating the food bowls or adding some water to the food. “By adding a little water to the dry food, just like you would pour milk on cereal, aggressive eaters will ‘lap’ rather than ‘grab’ their food. When they use their tongues like ladles instead of shovels, they slow down and swallow less air.”

Thumbnail: Photography ©WilleeCole | Thinkstock. 

Originally published in 2017. 

Read Next: What Is HGE (Hemorrhagic Gastroenteritis) in Dogs?


The post Decoding Dog Gas — When Is It a Problem? by Jackie Brown appeared first on Dogster. Copying over entire articles infringes on copyright laws. You may not be aware of it, but all of these articles were assigned, contracted and paid for, so they aren’t considered public domain. However, we appreciate that you like the article and would love it if you continued sharing just the first paragraph of an article, then linking out to the rest of the piece on Dogster.com.

2 essential things to learn about pet food labels

Having difficulty comprehending what’s in your fur babe’s food? Here are 2 things that’ll assist you avoid confusion when checking out pet food labels!

Family pet food labels don’t always appear like the labels you’re used to seeing on human food. There are two various kinds of labels that you may discover on your canine or feline’s food, both of which can be full of jargon that can be difficult to browse. Keeping the following 2 things in mind will help you make sense of what you’re looking at!

1. Pet food labels have 2 key parts

There are two crucial parts of a pet food label: the principal display panel and the information panel.

The Principal display screen panel is the marketing-type labeling on the front of the packaging. This colorful, captivating panel is developed to promote the product. Research study reveals that individuals make purchases for their animals based on emotion, which is why the primary display panel frequently features an appealing canine, individuals, remarkable infographics, and product images.

The details panel offers nutritional information composed according to regulatory standards. AAFCO, which provides the family pet food production guidelines for the United States, requires a details panel. If you buy your canine’s food from a big box, grocery or animal supply shop, the info panel might not remain in popular view since this label is generally located on the side or back of plan. To comply with AAFCO standards, a details panel needs to include the following:

  • Product name and brand name
  • Types name: the food needs to be recognized as being for a particular types, such as for pet dogs.
  • Surefire analysis: To recommend purchasers of the nutrition material of animal foods, labels provide maximum portions of crude fiber and moisture and minimum percentages of unrefined protein and crude fat.
  • Feeding instructions
  • Producer’s name and address/guarantor: This part of the label identifies the entity accountable for the quality and safety of the product and its place. Numerous manufacturers likewise include a toll-free number on the label for customer questions.
  • Nutritional adequacy statement: This shows that the food is complete and well balanced for a particular life stage or all life stages. Products notably determined on the principal display screen panel as a supplement, reward or treat are exempt from including this details. Why?
  • Net quantity declaration: quick description
  • Component statement: All ingredients in the product must be listed by weight, meaning the most popular component goes first, usually the protein.

2. Labels can consist of deceptive details

There are a few ways an animal food label can be misleading, either by using marketing terms like “holistic” or “clean” which don’t have concrete definitions or by noting unclear active ingredients. Here are a couple of things to watch out for:

  • ” Meat”: When the word “meat” is included generically in an ingredients list, rather of specific proteins like beef or chicken, that’s generally a warning. Try to find pet foods with specific proteins listed, sourced from USDA-inspected centers.
  • Meat byproducts or meals: “Meal” usually refers to rendered meat, typically from dubious sources. It’s not considered fit for human intake by the USDA however is a typical active ingredient in lots of pet foods. Likewise, “by-product,” which describes remaining meat from processing, is also unfit for human beings however served in family pet food.
  • Synthetic preservatives: There’s no sign on many pet food labels recognizing natural or chemical preservatives, making it challenging to know what type your pet’s food consists of. Here are a couple of common synthetic preservatives to avoid.:
    • BHA (Butylated Hydroxyanisole) and BHT (Butylated Hydroxycolene)
    • Ethoxyquin
    • Propyl Gallate
    • Propylene Glycol

No requirement to tension next time you’re attempting to assess your animal’s food. Just remember to take a look at both parts of the label– and keep an eye out for deceiving details!

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Bark About Books

The post Bark About Books by Annie Butler Shirreffs appeared first on Dogster. Copying over whole posts infringes on copyright laws. You may not understand it, however all of these articles were designated, contracted and spent for, so they aren’t considered public domain. However, we appreciate that you like the article and would enjoy it if you continued sharing just the very first paragraph of a post, then connecting out to the remainder of the piece on Dogster.com.

All Creatures Great and Small; All Things Bright and Beautiful

For fans of the recent premiere of PBS MASTERPIECE’S release of All Creatures Great and Small, St. Martin’s Griffin is reissuing two of James Herriot‘s very first books. Millions of readers all over the world have actually enjoyed the stories of the world’s most beloved veterinarian and his animal friends. All Creatures Great and Small follows a young Herriot as he fulfills his clients. Some are heartbreaking, like a canine who is his ailing owner’s only companion. Some are amusing, like the Pekingese who has his own stationery. Herriot’s follow-up, All Things Bright and Beautiful, consists of more remarkable animal shenanigans, this time informed by a recently wed Herriot from his house in the Yorkshire countryside. Herriot’s books are must-reads for animal enthusiasts everywhere.

$16.99 (each) at stmartins.com Lost Companions: Reflections on the Death of Pets This new book by Jeffrey Moussaieff Masson checks out the grief that results when the bond we forge with our animals is broken by death. Family pets are relative, and, for many, the loss of a companion animal brings on the exact same levels of sorrow one would experience for a close human companion. Animal lovers memorialize their animal pals with whatever from tattoos and tailored precious jewelry to obituaries and funeral. They share their sorrow on social media, join bereavement groups, contact animal loss assistance hotlines or go to therapists. But, lots of who go through the loss of an animal don’t feel taken seriously. This book puts grief and grieving in perspective, showing us that it’s legitimate and necessary, and shares insights gathered from a life time of connecting with animals. Published by St. Martin’s Press.

$27.99 at stmartins.com Chew This Journal Trying to find ways to enrich your dog’s life? This unique book by Dogster factor Sassafras Lowrey can help! Part activity book and part keepsake, it leads you through fun activities with your pet dog, and you can artistically record your experiences. The book consists of more than 100 activities, techniques and difficulties, like paw painting, no-sew beds, DIY reward puzzles and family pet birthday celebration ideas. The very best thing about this book is that you and your pet can finish it together. Released by Mango Publishing.

$16.95. Available wherever books are sold. When Harry Met Minnie When CBS Sunday Morning News correspondent Martha Teichner had a possibility encounter with an old acquaintance in New York, she didn’t understand just how much her world would change. The pal knew someone who was passing away of cancer due to contaminant direct exposure after 9/11 and was desperate to discover a house for her dog, Harry. He was a Bulldog, similar to Martha’s beloved Minnie. Martha accepted fulfill Harry and his owner, Carol, and to think about giving Harry a safe, loving, new home. But what began as merely a transaction involving a dog became a deep and significant relationship between the 2 ladies. The bond that established altered everybody’s lives. This touching narrative thinks about the methods our life stories are changed by the peo-ple we fulfill– and the love we can discover by opening our hearts. And if you require something fun to listen to while strolling your canine, the audio version of the book is read by Martha herself. Released by Macmillan Publishers.

$ 26.99 at macmillan.com Inform us about YOUR favorite dog books! Email us at [email protected]

The post Bark About Books by Annie Butler Shirreffs appeared first on Dogster. Copying over whole posts infringes on copyright laws. You might not know it, but all of these posts were designated, contracted and paid for, so they aren’t thought about public domain. Nevertheless, we value that you like the article and would like it if you continued sharing simply the very first paragraph of a post, then connecting out to the remainder of the piece on Dogster.com.

Picking a wheelchair for a pet dog with mobility issues

If your pet has mobility problems, the right wheelchair can make a substantial distinction to his quality of life.

One of the joys of sharing your life with a pet is opting for walks together. However movement problems caused by aging, injury or disease can make a simple journey across the space uncomfortable and even difficult for some pets. In the past, a loss of movement normally implied the end, but thanks to canine wheelchairs and mobility carts, specifically designed and fitted to suit each dog’s physique, abilities, and limitations, even animals that are partly disabled can get moving once again and take pleasure in great quality of life.

Various wheelchairs for different requirements

Canine wheelchairs are not created equal, and that’s a good idea. Some pets require assistance just for their rear legs, while others require assistance taking the load off of all 4 limbs. The latter often shows true for pets who have problem with osteoarthritis, specifically if weight problems increases the problem on their weight-bearing joints. Luckily, you can pick in between both rear-support and full-support wheelchair options.

  • A typical rear-support pet dog wheelchair includes a set of wheels attached to metal struts and rails. In addition to straps that anchor the wheels to the dog’s back legs, another assistance harness behind the canine’s front legs is connected to a set of connecting horizontal rails. This arrangement provides mild, much-needed assistance for weakened or painful rear legs.
  • A full-support wheelchair bears a strong resemblance to a rear-support wheelchair except that it includes an additional, smaller sized set of wheels near the dog’s front legs, in addition to a sling to support the his midsection.

Choosing a size

The size and weight of your dog will clearly affect the size of the wheelchair you lease or purchase for him. Business such as K9 Carts offer practical ideas and measurement guides. They likewise make several sizes of wheelchairs with built-in adjustability, permitting you to tweak its fit for your own canine’s distinct measurements.

Other tips to enhance your pet’s wheelchair experience

Little things can imply a lot on the planet of canine wheelchairs, consisting of weight and strength, and the wheels themselves:

  • The lighter the wheelchair, the much better for pets who have a hard time to get around.
  • You also require to know that the design, product, and construction will be durable enough for safe, safe and secure, long-term usage. Aircraft-grade aluminum provides the ideal mix of these two qualities.
  • Cheaper foam wheels aren’t likely to hold up well over rough terrain or great deals of walks. Overly-hard or rigid wheels may show sturdier, but they can make for a rough ride. Difficult, air-filled wheels can offer trustworthy service while also offering your dog that extra degree of shock absorption to assist him over those inescapable bumps in the road.

The getting-acquainted process

Your pet dog will need to get acquainted with his new wheelchair prior to you merely strap him in and take him for a walk. Keep in mind that he has no idea what this weird thing is, much less understand that it’s expected to be strapped onto him. Take your time during this getting-acquainted procedure.

In reality, do not even strap your canine into the wheelchair in the beginning; simply leave it near his bed and let him accept it as a safe, normal home product. As soon as he seems to have done so, you can try putting him in the harness and letting him get the feel of the wheelchair.

With that accomplished, see if you can get your pet dog to make short trips within the house by having fun with him or appealing him with treats. If he appears to get around efficiently in his wheelchair, you’re prepared to begin taking him on walks. Your dog will love his new liberty — — and you’ll enjoy watching him enjoy it!

Where to find dog wheelchairs

K9 Carts, k9carts.com

My Pets Brace, mypetsbrace.com

Walkin’ Wheels, handicappedpets.com

The post Choosing a wheelchair for a dog with mobility problems appeared first on Animal Wellness Magazine.