The art of canine strolling


Dog walking isn’t simply a task … it’s an art! Here’s everything you require to purchase, do and know to turn your amateur walk into a brilliant work of art.

All set to take your pet walking abilities to the next level? Continue reading!

The tools

Collars

Conventional– Inexpensive, readily available in a variety of styles, great for everyday use

Martingale– Ideal for pets who slip out of standard collars

Harnesses

  • Lower pulling
  • Offer more assistance and security
  • Protect the windpipe

Back-clip– Prevents leash from getting tangled in between the canine’s legs

Front-clip– Offers optimal control, great for training functions Leashes Conventional– Ideal for everyday walking and basictraining Adjustable– Option for more control throughout training

or on busy streets Hands-free– Waist loop permits hands-free strolls, terrific for runners

or hikers Tools to prevent: Choke collars Prong collars Retractable leashes POINTER: Don’t forget recognition! Microchip your canine and buy her an

  • engraved ID tag
  • at your regional family pet shop
  • . The training “Sit, remain”– Use

this fundamental command when waiting at crosswalks, or if your dog gets teased by a passing squirrel.”Heel”– This can take a while

to master, but

every dog should know how to stroll without pulling. Check out animalwellnessmagazine.com/dog-walk-without-pulling for some ideas on teaching

this behavior.”Come”– Dogs without great recall abilities have no organization being off-leash, so make certain she’s well-versed in this command prior to unclipping her. Even if you don’t plan to let her run complimentary, this is an excellent skill to deal with in case she ever gets loose while you’re out for a walk. SUGGESTION: Train her inside! You can’t anticipate a pet dog to behave on a walk up until she’s established basic manners. Practicing her sitting, heeling and recall abilities in a safe space without diversions will set her up for success in the great outdoors.

Safety factors to consider Use reflectors This is specifically crucial if you’re walking when it’s dark out, or along busy streets Stick to safe routes Roads with narrow shoulders and no sidewalks are no place to walk your dog. The exact same goes for dark streets, icy courses and remote

areas with no cell service. Usage sound judgment when choosing a route! Watch for indications of

tiredness or injury Keep an eye on your pup on walks, especially if he’s a senior or

has an existing health

condition. Pay additional very close attention to his well-being if the weather is severe. Be mindful of other canines Your canine might be a social butterfly, however not every pet dog is! Approach odd dogs with caution, and always ask their guardians before letting your pet dog get too close. Only let her off-leash

if she’s qualified No recall, no freedom! Discover how to train the off-leash pet at animalwellnessmagazine.com/training-the-off-leash-dog. SUGGESTION: Know someone with a pet dog? Ask them if they wish to walk together! Not only will this give

you some company, it’ll help socialize your pet and present you to new strolling locales you may not have discovered by yourself.< img loading="lazy"class= "size-full wp-image-38894 aligncenter "src ="https://animalwellnessmagazine.com/wp-content/uploads/perfect-dog-walk.png"alt=" "width=" 505 "height=" 780 "srcset="https://animalwellnessmagazine.com/wp-content/uploads/perfect-dog-walk.png

505w, https://animalwellnessmagazine.com/wp-content/uploads/perfect-dog-walk-272×420.png 272w “sizes=” (max-width: 505px)100vw, 505px”/ > TIP: If you do not have time to walk your pet for a minimum of 15 minutes, two to three times a day, hire a canine walker

! The post The art of pet walking appeared initially on Animal Wellness Magazine. Source

Movies Your Dog Wants to Watch Now

The post Movies Your Dog Wants to Watch Now by Ellyce Rothrock appeared initially on Dogster. Copying over entire posts infringes on copyright laws. You may not understand it, but all of these short articles were appointed, contracted and paid for, so they aren’t considered public domain. However, we appreciate that you like the post and would enjoy it if you continued sharing just the first paragraph of an article, then linking out to the remainder of the piece on Dogster.com.

Who does not enjoy dog films? Me, that’s who. OK, not all canine films, however plenty are instant thumbs down. “Does the dog die?” is generally my very first question. People in crisis in one type or another? Yeah, I feel a variety of emotions. However the dog? Whhhy?! I’m seldom in the state of mind for a hard, awful and bitter cry. (Emphasis on the “ugly.”)

However enough about my high-gear anthropomorphism. What films would pets watch? Would their very first question be “Does the human die?” “Is unjustified dealing with included?” “Does anybody get neutered?” “What about the feline?”

Here is simply a smattering of the dogcentric motion pictures that are both paws up and paws down.

1. Pal Movie

American Bulldog Chance, Golden Retriever Shadow and worrywart feline Sassy weave a tale of ever-mounting anxiety for the human beings who see Homeward Bound, however our animals probably look at it as an exciting “We can do it!” good-time experience shared among three buddies.

© Everett Collection Inc.; Photo 12|Alamy Stock Photo 2. Revenge Flick Why can life be so pointlessly cruel?(Spoiler alert, and you will require this one. )Killing the pet offered to him by his recently deceased other half? Pets (and their human beings!)watching all over desire vengeance. They desire action. They want John Wick to get those suckers and make them pay for what they did to that pup. No detainees.

3. All the Feels

Canines would most likely like A Dog’s Purpose, Marley & & Me and that ilk to our Steel Magnolias, Beaches or My Girl. Unrelenting tearjerkers implied to purge the deepest of sadness. The worst? Where the Red Fern Grows, where Redbone Coonhound siblings Old Dan and Little Ann do not just die, one of them is trampled by a mountain lion and the other dies of something simply as bad: a damaged heart.

© Atlaspix|Alamy Stock Photo 4. Animated Spills, Chills, Romance! Unrequited love! Jealousy! Adventure! A gang of sewer-dwelling animals led by a psychotic bunny! A sausage factory series! This movie has everything– and everyone lives! Nevertheless, canines who watch The Secret Life of Pets probably share many laughs and feel-good minutes while offering up dog-audience comments about the truthfulness of pet life similar to Mystery Science Theater 3000.

Other dog-favorite animation flicks of course include One Hundred and One Dalmatians, where prima donna Cruella gets hers, Pongo and Perdita rescue their kids and 84 other cuties and freshly effective songwriter Roger buys a “Dalmatian plantation” in the nation.

© RichLegg|Getty Images 5. Mockumentary Eugene Levy, Catherine O’Hara and a handful of comedy’s finest, plus pet dogs ?! Pass me the popcorn, stat! Best in Show is a crackup of palpable stress, installing enjoyment and intense competition as hundreds prepare to toss down in among the greatest occasions of their lives: the Mayflower Dog Show. What occurs? Continuously hilarity.

© RichLegg|Getty Images 6. Scary I Am Legend paints a dreadful, heartwrenching picture: Humans:”

Oh no! Sam has been bitten by a contaminated zombie dog!”

Pet dogs: “Oh no! Neville is in risk! Sam will save him!” Both:”Oh no! Sam was bitten and is catching the zombie infection!”

What comes next is a heartbreaking scene that both pet and human dream they might unsee and forget. Cujo isn’t better: Man’s best friend becomes his worst enemy. No one wishes to see that, either. Ever.

© Moviestore Collection Ltd|Alamy Stock Photo 7. Friend Crime With a generally goofball star like Tom Hanks in Turner & Hooch, a dog would think he’s in for on-hisback-belly-exposed laughs aplenty, right? There’s plenty of that throughout, but then– bam!– this dog-sacrifices-self-for-human genre flick kicks male and canine in the feels. We do not desire a young puppy that appears like Hooch! Well, we do, but we desire Hooch, too! Dogs all over concur. Particularly Dogues de Bordeaux.

© Everett Collection, Inc.|Alamy Stock Photo 8. Classic Drama Lassie Come Home, Old Yeller, White Fang and Call of the Wild are films for canine purists who like no-nonsense, classic tales of loyalty, the pull of the great outdoors, getting rid of terrific challenges and personal quests for identity. For major dogs just. Like German Shepherds.

© PictureLux, The Hollywood Archive|Alamy Stock Photo

9. Science Fiction/Adventure

In Isle of Dogs, when all dogs of Megasaki City are banished to a large garbage dump island, a young boy triggers alone in a mini prop plane and flies throughout the river looking for his dog, Spots. With the assistance of a pack of freshly discovered mongrel buddies voiced by a near-perfect cast, he begins a legendary journey that (spoiler alert!) ends in the happiest method possible. It’s precious, minutely in-depth and magnificently deadpan. The “Treatometer,” not to be puzzled with Rotten Tomatoes’ “Tomatometer,” provides it 5 star!

The post Movies Your Dog Wants to Watch Now by Ellyce Rothrock appeared initially on Dogster. Copying over entire articles infringes on copyright laws. You may not know it, but all of these articles were assigned, contracted and spent for, so they aren’t thought about public domain. However, we value that you like the short article and would like it if you continued sharing just the first paragraph of a post, then connecting out to the remainder of the piece on Dogster.com.

How chiropractic care can help canines with digestion issues


Chiropractic care isn’t just for back issues– it can also assist alleviate digestive problems in your canine companion.

Chiropractic care is tailored at fixing musculoskeletal issues in humans, dogs, and other animals. Canines with sore backs, as well as those that are unable to turn correctly, respond favorably to chiropractic care. However did you understand that chiropractic can also help dogs with digestion problems? Let’s learn how.

The connection in between muscles and the GI system

The GI system is comprised of smooth muscle that must contract appropriately to move ingesta through the digestive tract. This collaborated movement is managed by the main nervous system, and is helped by the muscles of the back and abdominal area. Poor coordination and improper interaction between the brain and bowels cause bad muscle tone and unsuitable movement, triggering problems with digestion, which in turn causes gastrointestinal issues.

The muscles of the abdomen and back are very crucial in supporting the organs of the GI system and providing the abdominal press needed for the proper expulsion that takes place during regular urination and defecation. Weak or sore back muscles will impede your pet’s capability to appropriately squat for elimination, while weak or saggy abdominal muscles will hinder the abdominal press required to help move waste items towards the outside. Basically, most indigestions are caused by the inappropriate motion of waste through the GI tract.

How chiropractic works

Chiropractic care works well for musculoskeletal problems because it assists restore nerve flow to the target organ. When an area of the spinal column is not moving, it builds up inflammation. The canine chiropractic doctor finds locations of the spinal column that are stagnating properly and uses a specific force to restore motion, which aids in minimizing inflammation because area. This decrease of inflammation removes pressure from the nerves as they leave the spinal column. It has been proven that the weight of a plume on a nerve will reduce the rate at which impulses take a trip along that nerve by 50%! A reduction in interaction between the brain and muscles results in improper function and weakening of the muscle, consisting of those of the abdomen and back. “The quality of healing is directly proportional to the functional capability of the central nervous system to send out and receive messages,” states Jason Edwards, MD.

. Utilizing chiropractic to help treat digestive upsets

Now that we can see how indigestions, muscle function, and interaction from the brain relate, we can talk about including chiropractic to the treatment prepare for gastrointestinal problems. Chiropractic is a method that enables the body’s own intelligence to help in recovery. This is the exact same intelligence that allowed two cells (the egg and sperm) to grow into the splendid animal that is your pet. According to a short article in the European Spine Journal, “Proper back function can assist balance a key part of the body, the autonomic nerve system, which regulates many elements of the health from blood pressure, heart rate, and breathing to gut function, sexual stimulation and controlling tension.”

Your pet’s chiropractic practitioner must be certified by the American Veterinary Chiropractic Association (AVCA). In Canada, the Veterinary Chiropractic Learning Centre program is approved by the AVCA and the College of Animal Chiropractors. If your pet dog is having symptoms of an acute digestion problem, you may need to use some standard treatments from your veterinarian together with a go to from your certified canine chiropractic specialist.

< img loading="lazy" class =" wp-image-38891 alignright" src="https://animalwellnessmagazine.com/wp-content/uploads/digestive-problems.png" alt ="" width="309" height="477" srcset="https://animalwellnessmagazine.com/wp-content/uploads/digestive-problems.png 367w, https://animalwellnessmagazine.com/wp-content/uploads/digestive-problems-272x420.png 272w" sizes =" (max-width: 309px) 100vw, 309px"/ > A canine chiropractic physician will analyze and adjust your pet’s spine. Aligning his spine is the first line of defense in assisting with gastrointestinal problems. In order to help him with chronic digestive problems, the chiropractor will also use you recommendations for restoring your pet dog to reinforce his stomach muscles. Just as in human beings, canine cross-training will help to construct even strength and versatility, consisting of in the stomach location. However, this muscle training can just be done when the signal from the brain is switched on by means of the chiropractic positioning. Think about it like checking out a book in a dim room; it can be done with trouble, once you switch on the light it can be done far more quickly and properly. So too when it comes to correcting the muscles in and around your dog’s abdomen and gastrointestinal system.

Keep in mind that this recovery procedure might take some time. The muscles of the abdominal area and digestive system didn’t end up being weak overnight, and they will not become strong over night either. In dogs recovering from a severe case or dealing with persistent, chronic issues, a session with a qualified animal chiropractic practitioner every couple of weeks will increase the rate of healing and aid in avoiding more bouts of uncomfortable and sometimes major digestion system problems.

The post How chiropractic care can assist pets with digestion issues appeared initially on Animal Wellness Magazine.

Source

Immunizing your adult dog or cat: what you need to consider


Rather than having your adult dog or feline vaccinated every year, think about these important elements and make an informed choice that will optimize his health and wellness.

We’ve been hearing a lot over the previous years or so about the dangers connected with over-vaccination in canines and felines. A growing number of animals moms and dads now reconsider previously subjecting their four-legged good friends to annual boosters, once their animals have actually had their core vaccines as youngsters. For those who are still on the fence, this article explores crucial aspects to consider when producing vaccination methods for adult pets and cats.

Benefits and risks of vaccination

There is little doubt that the application of contemporary vaccine technology has allowed us to efficiently secure companion animals (and people) against serious contagious illness. Nevertheless, vaccinations are progressively recognized (albeit still seldom) as factors to immune-mediated blood, skin, bowel, bone, and joint diseases, bone marrow and organ failure, central nerve system excitation, and behavioral aberrations. Genetic predisposition to these negative events (termed vaccinosis) has actually also been documented. It needs to be acknowledged, however, that we have the high-end of expressing these concerns today only due to the fact that the danger of disease has actually been effectively minimized by the widespread use of vaccination programs. Nonetheless, the collected evidence indicates that vaccination procedures need to no longer be thought about a “one size fits all” program.

In cats, while negative vaccine reactions might be less commonly seen, aggressive growths (fibrosarcomas) can periodically arise at the website of vaccination, as they can in pets. Other cancers, such as leukemia, have been also been connected with vaccines.

Vaccine dose in dogs– size matters Pet dogs are currently all provided the very same quantity of vaccine, no matter their size or breed. Not remarkably, more adverse occasions have been recorded in smaller sized pets. Rationally, toy and small dogs must require less vaccine than giant and large canines in order to be totally vaccinated. Likewise, pups (and kitties) must need less vaccine volume to vaccinate than adults do.

In support of the size hypothesis, I have studied healthy, adult, little type pet dogs who had not been vaccinated for a minimum of three years. The canines were provided a half-dose of bivalent distemper and parvovirus vaccine, where all of them developed increased and sustained serum vaccine antibody titers. Most likely, this technique would use likewise to puppies, and additional research study is needed.

Immunize wisely, and just when needed

There is no such thing as an “approximately date” or “due” vaccination. When a sufficient immune memory has actually already been established, there is little reason to administer booster vaccines, and it would be reckless to present unneeded antigen, adjuvant, and other excipients, along with preservatives, by doing so. Serum antibody titers can be determined triennially or more often if needed, to evaluate whether a provided animal’s humoral immune response has actually fallen below levels of sufficient immune memory. In that occasion, a suitable vaccine booster can be administered. For lawfully needed rabies vaccines, these alternative options are frequently restricted.

Vaccination can provide an immune response that is similar in duration to that which follows a natural infection. In basic, adaptive resistance to infections establishes earliest and is highly efficient. Such antiviral immune actions often lead to the development of sterile immunity and the duration of resistance (DOI) is frequently long-lasting. In contrast, adaptive immunity to germs, fungi, or parasites develops more slowly. The DOI is usually brief compared with most systemic viral infections. Sterile immunity to these transmittable representatives is less typically engendered. Titers do not distinguish between resistance created by vaccination and/or exposure to the illness, although the magnitude of immunity produced just by vaccination is usually lower.

In adult pets and cats, core vaccines must not be provided more than every three years, and serological and difficulty research studies in fact suggest that protection most likely lasts a lot longer than that — — from seven to nine years. With this in mind, determining serum antibody titers is more effective to routine boosters.

Compliance or resistance to existing vaccine standards

The issues discussed above have been legally raised for over two decades, but why is this understanding still considered questionable? Have veterinarians accepted the nationwide and global policies on vaccination guidelines? Do pet dog and felines moms and dads trust veterinarians to be current on these concerns? Do they believe veterinarians have a conflict of interest if they derive earnings from yearly booster vaccinations? While some veterinarians still inform their clients there is no scientific evidence linking vaccinations with adverse results and serious health problem, this misconception confuses an impressionable customer. On the other hand, vaccine and anti-vaccine zealots abound with hysteria and false information. Neither of these polarized views is practical.

Veterinary professionals might merely think what they originally learned about vaccines and are therefore less likely to alter or “fix” what is perceived to be unbroken. Annual vaccination has been the single crucial reason why the majority of individuals bring their pets and felines to the veterinarian’s for a yearly check-up or “wellness go to”. When integrated with a failure to understand the concepts of vaccinal resistance, it is not surprising that efforts to alter vaccines and vaccination programs have developed significant controversy.

As mentioned by the American Animal Hospital Association’s 2003 standards: “No vaccine is always safe, no vaccine is constantly protective, and no vaccine is constantly suggested. Misconstruing, false information, and the conservative nature of [the veterinary] profession have actually mainly slowed adoption of protocols advocating reduced frequency of vaccination. Immunological memory supplies durations of immunity for core infectious illness that far surpass the standard recommendations for annual vaccination. This is supported by a growing body of veterinary details along with well-developed epidemiological caution in human medicine that shows immunity induced by vaccination is very long-term and, for the most part, long-lasting.” These declarations were groundbreaking at the time, and still use today.

Vaccines should be embellished to each patient

“Vaccination must be simply one part of a holistic preventive health care program for pets that is most just provided within the structure of an annual health check assessment,” said the late Professor Michael J. Day. “Vaccination is an act of veterinary science that need to be thought about as individualized medicine, customized for the requirements of the specific family pet, and provided as one part of a preventive medicine program in a yearly medical examination visit.” Prior to vaccination, for that reason, it’s essential to consider your canine or cat’s specific risk of exposure to the illness in concern, in addition to your geographical place, and way of life factors.

While vaccines have actually generally been a regular part of every pet dog and feline’s annual health check, things are changing. The health risks of over-vaccination, the growing usage of titer screening, and studies showing vaccine periods of resistance long lasting 7 to 9 years, are prompting more individuals to reassess yearly boosters and work with integrative or holistic veterinarians to create vaccine programs customized to the needs of their private canines and felines.

The post Vaccinating your adult dog or feline: what you need to consider appeared first on Animal Wellness Magazine.

Source

Training your dog – it’s about more than obedience


Obedience is only a small part of training your dog! Here’s how to shape him into a well-rounded pup using science-based positive reinforcement.

Dog training has undergone something of a revolution in the last number of years. People used to think it was only about teaching dogs obedience commands, usually with the use of heavy-handed punishment-based techniques. But these methods have largely been overtaken by a more science-based positive training approach that encourages dogs to learn through discovery, play, and reward. Not only is this latter approach more effective, it also encourages cooperation based on mutual trust rather than pain, fear, and intimidation. Here’s how to train your own dog using positive, reward-based methods.

Sit        

The sit cue is often one of the first people want to teach their dogs. But before you start, ask yourself why you are teaching your dog this cue. Is it so you can control him in different environments? Is it a safety cue you can use in busy areas? Will it encourage him to listen? If your answer is “all of the above” you’re ready to start. You should never push your dog into a sit — it’s incredibly easy to do without the use of force.

Teach your dog to sit quickly and painlessly by following these easy steps:

  1. Hold a treat or toy near his nose and wait for him to figure out how he is going to get it out of your hand. Some dogs will lick or paw at the treat, but don’t give it to him until he puts his behind on the floor.
  2. When your dog finally works out that he’ll get the reward when his behind hits the floor, give him the treat or toy and praise him.
  3. Repeat this process until your dog is sitting reliably, then add the word “sit” as he is in the process of sitting, so he begins to associate the word with the action.
  4. When he is sitting repeatedly, start saying the word “sit” as you present the treat or toy to him. He will gradually associate the word with the action and respond to your vocal cue.

Down

This is another basic cue that can be valuable for impulse control and for encouraging your dog to settle in any situation. There is never any need to force your dog into a down — it can (and should) be taught in a completely force-free way.

  1. Use a treat or toy and ask your dog to sit
  2. Place your hand, with the reward in it, palm down on the floor. Let your dog sniff it, but do not let her have the treat or toy. Do not give a cue yet, or say anything at all.
  3. Your dog will try and work out how she is going to get the reward from your hand. As soon as she lies down on her belly, give her the reward and praise her.
  4. Repeat the same exercise several times: wait for the action, catch it, give her the reward, and praise her.
  5. The next step is to put in the vocal cue and hand signal. As your dog is in the act of lying down, say “down” and lower your hand, palm down, onto the floor. Repeat this, but not so many times that your dog gets bored. If you have a large dog, the action of having to lie down and get up again multiple times might be too much for her, so go easy.
  6. Finally, ask your dog to “down” using the vocal and hand signal before she has even started to lie down.
  7. Release your dog by saying “okay” when you want her to get up again.

Recall

Having a dog that comes when called is a critical part of the teaching process. This is one of the most important cues you can teach your dog. Do not make the mistake of using a shock collar for recall training. These devices can cause your dog extreme physical and emotional distress.

A really reliable recall is taught in stages. If you take this training slowly and don’t rush your dog through the process, you’ll find that he’ll want to come to you.

Stage 1: Catching the behavior

  • Start in a distraction-free indoor environment so your dog can focus only on you.
  • Whenever he comes to you on his own, wait until he is a couple of feet away, then say his name and the word “come”.
  • When he gets to you, praise him as much as possible.
  • With this exercise, your dog will learn that coming to you is a really good thing. After a while, you can lengthen the distance between the two of you and start using the word “come” when he is approaching you from further away.
  • Coming to you should always be rewarded, whatever the circumstance and no matter how long it took your dog to respond.
  • Motivate your dog to come by acting exciting, running away from him, waving a toy, or having delicious food for him when he gets to you. This will show him that coming back to you the best thing he can do.

Stage 2: Solidifying the cue through play

  • Make sure you play this game with another person your dog is comfortable with.
  • Start the game in a quiet indoor environment so it is easy for your dog to focus on you.
  • Hold your dog back while the other person calls him excitedly. Try not to use his name or the cue word, but talk excitedly to “gee” him up. Do not release him until the person calls his name, followed by the cue word “come”.
  • When the cue word is given, release your dog and let him run to the person calling him. As soon as he gets there, the person should praise and reward him with a game of tug or a food reward.
  • When your dog has had his reward, have the other person hold him back as you call him, the release him as you say his name followed by the “come” cue word. When he comes to you, reward him with another game of tug or a treat.
  • Repeat this game back and forth, but only do a few repetitions so your dog does not get bored or too tired. Keeping it fresh means the game is always fun to play.

Stage 3: Adding vocal cue and hand signal

  • Now that your dog knows what “come” means, you can use the cue word to call him to you while adding a hand signal. Hand signals are always good to build with vocal cues – this way, even if your dog can’t hear you, he will understand what the hand signal means. This is important if your dog is some distance away from you.
  • Start in a quiet indoor environment. Walk away from your dog and call his name followed by the cue word and a hand signal. Praise and reward him when he comes to you.
  • Start increasing the distance you call him from, and praise him for compliance. If he does not respond, go back to the previous shorter distance and repeat.
  • Only practice this cue for a few minutes so your dog does not get bored. Again, the secret to success is to always keep it fun, exciting and fresh.
  • When your dog recognizes the hand signal, try calling his name and using the hand signal by itself, without the vocal cue. You will then be able to use a combination of the vocal cue only, the hand signal only or the two together.
  • Now that your dog knows what the “come” cue word means, you can start to call him from different rooms or other areas where he cannot see you. This will encourage him to respond even when you are out of sight.

Stage 4: Taking it outside

  • Now your dog is consistently coming to you in a distraction-free indoor environment, you can proof your recall cue by taking it outside.
  • Practice the recall in your yard and then gradually build up to the point where you can use it in a park or similar environment.
  • The ultimate test is to use the recall when your dog is engaged in a different activity. Wait for a lull in that activity, and then call your dog to you. Praise his decision to comply.

Training your dog does not have to be costly or intense, and the more enjoyable it is for both of you, the better the results will be.

The post Training your dog – it’s about more than obedience appeared first on Animal Wellness Magazine.

Source