Great Chow for Good Old Dogs

The post Good Chow for Good Old Dogs by Arden Moore appeared initially on Dogster. Copying over whole short articles infringes on copyright laws. You might not know it, however all of these posts were assigned, contracted and spent for, so they aren’t considered public domain. Nevertheless, we appreciate that you like the post and would love it if you continued sharing simply the first paragraph of an article, then linking out to the rest of the piece on Dogster.com.

Denise Fleck has no idea how old her newly adopted canine, Kiko, truly is. She guesses that her Akita rescue is between 7 to 10 years old, confirming that she is a senior pet. All Denise can verify is that by providing a quality-nutrient diet and supplements to Kiko, she now sports a shiny coat, is at a healthy weight and releases ageless energy.

“They state 50 is the new 30, so in dog years, that makes an 8- or 9-year-old dog, 3 or 4!” she says.

Denise is nationally known as the Pet Safety Crusader for her pet first-aid classes and pet-safety books. However she likewise champions the needs of senior dogs as president of The Grey Muzzle Organization (greymuzzle.org) that strives to enhance the lives of at-risk senior dogs. This nonprofit group consists of renowned veterinarians Marty Becker, Ernie Ward and Heidi Lobprise on its board of advisers.

Senior Dog Nutritional Needs

Fulfilling the dietary needs of gray-muzzled canines is a leading concern for Denise and her company.

“There is no one-type-fits-all food for older canines, as their requirements differ,” Denise says. “My sensation with my senior canines, and I’ve now had a full dozen, is most things in moderation, absolutely nothing in excess. With Kiko, I continue to see how she reacts to her diet and supplements and make any changes if requirement be.”

Dr. Jean Hofve, a holistic veterinarian in Jamestown, Colorado, agrees that there is no one incredibly food or diet that will meet the dietary needs of all senior dogs.

“Senior pets require more nutrition and better-quality protein and fat since they do not absorb or soak up food as well,” she states. “Their stomachs get broken through aging.”

That’s why Dr. Hofve promotes offering older pet dogs with what is called symbiotics. It is a mix of omega-3 fats, prebiotics and probiotics.

“Omega-3 fats are extremely crucial for senior pets due to the fact that they are anti-oxidants, have anti- inflammatory residential or commercial properties and are also great for their joints and assist with arthritis pain,” Dr. Hofve states. “Prebiotics and probiotics offered together collaborate in the body to improve digestion and the immune system.”

Drain!

Also a big deal on Dr. Hofve’s list for senior pets: a lot of water.

“I advise canned foods over dry foods for senior canines due to the fact that they are simpler to digest and consist of more wetness,” she states. “Also think about giving your dog bone broth– make certain it is without any salt or onions.”

Another senior pet dog advocate is Susan Blake Davis, CCN, a licensed medical nutritionist and licensed animal nutritional expert who founded Ask Ariel.com (askariel.com), a site with a lineup of veterinarian-recommended pet supplements. She shares her house with Legend, a special-needs rescue pet dog with severe hip dysplasia and epilepsy who is almost 13 years of ages.

“Legend eats a raw, frozen diet plan with raw, freeze-dried deals with and lots of veggies,” Susan states. “Raw, frozen diet plans are low in carbohydrates and are especially valuable for animals with allergic reactions, skin issues and digestive issues.”

Senior Supplements

Like Dr. Hofve, Susan also extremely advises supplementing a senior pet dog’s diet plan with quality supplements. “Pet vitamins and supplements can help with digestion and nutrient absorption, aid keep your family pet’s coat and skin healthy, and reinforce joints and bones,” Susan states. “An excellent, multi-strain probiotic will include many strains of beneficial bacteria to assist your pet’s body immune system to eliminate harmful germs, yeast and parasites.”

Bottom line for your senior dog: Acknowledge that every day we get to invest with them is a present. That’s a guarantee people like Denise Fleck are keeping for senior pet dogs like Kiko. As Denise states, “Dogs are living longer, healthier lives thanks to better nutrition, workout and entering into the family.”

Know Your Vitamin A-B-Cs

Consult your veterinarian about identifying particular vitamins and other supplements that can maximize your older pet dog’s health. Here’s a rundown of vitamins and the health functions they can play in senior dogs:

Vitamin A: Aids the aging body immune system

Vitamin B: Helps enzyme function, the brain and controls energy

Vitamin C: This antioxidant boots out toxins in the body and tones down inflammation

Vitamin D: Promotes healthy bones

Vitamin E: Helps metabolize fat and supports eyes and muscles

© ktaylorg|Getty Images Take a Peek at Some Senior Eats!

Whereas there utilized to be puppy food or adult food, now there is a variety of senior pet foods offered in animal stores near you or online. We share 3 of them and what makes them good for elders: low calorie, easy to absorb and ingredients that benefit older dogs.

  • Go! Solutions Carnivore Senior Diet: Includes taurine for vision and health, glucosamine and chondroitin for hips and joints, 394 kcal per cup. Offered in dry and damp. $40.99/ 12-lb. bag.
  • Royal Canin Early Cardiac (vet prescription): Highly tasty, absorbable, consists of arginine, carnitine, taurine, omega-3 fats and moderate salt restriction for heart health, 290 kcal per cup. Readily available in dry and damp. $69.99/ 17.6-lb. bag.
  • Purina Pro Plan Bright Mind Adult 7+ Senior Small Breed Chicken & & Rice: Includes glucosamine and chondroitin for hips and joints, fatty-acid MCT to enhance cognitive thinking, 487 kcal per cup. Big type and damp also offered. $45.99/ 16-lb. bag.
  • Health Core Grain-Free Senior Deboned Turkey Recipe:Includes taurine for vision and health, glucosamine and chondroitin for hips and joints, 359 kcal per cup. Offered in dry and damp. $42.99/ 12-lb. bag.

The post Good Chow for Good Old Dogs by Arden Moore appeared first on Dogster. Copying over whole short articles infringes on copyright laws. You may not understand it, but all of these posts were assigned, contracted and paid for, so they aren’t considered public domain. Nevertheless, we appreciate that you like the post and would enjoy it if you continued sharing just the first paragraph of a short article, then linking out to the rest of the piece on Dogster.com.

Assist for Mast Cell Tumor Patients

The post Help for Mast Cell Tumor Patients by Dr. Ernie Ward appeared first on Dogster. Copying over entire posts infringes on copyright laws. You might not understand it, however all of these posts were assigned, contracted and paid for, so they aren’t thought about public domain. However, we appreciate that you like the short article and would love it if you continued sharing just the first paragraph of a short article, then linking out to the rest of the piece on Dogster.com.

It’s a medical diagnosis no veterinarian likes to make. As soon as the word is spoken, it shatters the room. This time was no different. “It’s cancer. Max has a malignant mast cell growth. I am so sorry.”

The mom of two seated across from me right away started sobbing. The good-looking Labrador Retriever lying at her feet searched for worriedly. As I provided her tissues, I reviewed how we got here and where we were headed. None people understood a wonder was waiting.

What Is a Mast Cell Tumor?

Mast cell tumors (MCT) are the most common skin tumors in canines. Research study reveals MCTs account for about 20% of all skin cancers. MCTs are so typical, I teach my young veterinarians to presume any swelling or bump on or just underneath the skin is a mast cell growth until tested otherwise. Researchers do not comprehend why this cancer takes place in canines, but mast cells are made in the bone marrow and travel to sites in response to inflammation. Thankfully, the majority of MCTs are singular and do not metastasize or spread to other parts of the body. Just about 11 to 14% of pets with an MCT will have more than one tumor. MCTs can appear anywhere on the body and usually are slow-growing, causing numerous pet dog owners to neglect or ignore the mass till it’s far too late. As with lots of cancers, when detected early and small, MCTs have a better diagnosis.

Mast cell growths are more typical in older canines, normally between ages 7 and 9. Labrador and Golden Retrievers, Shar-Peis, Boxers, Boston Terriers, American Staffordshire Terriers, Pugs and French Bulldogs are some types more likely to develop MCTs, although any pet at any age can develop them.

How to Know if It Is an MCT

Max fit directly into the MCT danger matrix, so when his mom brought him that day after the abrupt look of a peasized development near the top of his rear paw, we went into action. Whenever a dog has a movable skin growth, the very first thing I do is a fine-needle goal (FNA). Because MCTs produce great deals of mast cells in a confined space, it’s relatively simple to identify if a mass is an MCT or not. In cases of previous MCT, or if I’m especially worried, pretreatment with diphenhydramine (Benadryl) can help in reducing the threat of swelling and swelling after the FNA.

The procedure is uncomplicated: A needle is thoroughly inserted into the tumor and cells suctioned out. The sample is placed on a slide for staining and histopathological assessment. I choose to do an initial evaluation of the slide in my center. If I see mast cells or other suspicious tissues, I refer the test to a veterinary pathologist. When I peered into Max’s slide, I was met by a wall of particular small- to medium-sized round, purple-red cells constant with mast cells. We overnighted the test.

The next day the laboratory verified the diagnosis. We performed local lymph node FNAs together with chest X-rays to look for potential spread and blood tests. If there was a time for a miracle, it was now.

Time for That Miracle

Max’s tests showed no signs of spread. Historically, MCTs would be surgically removed with a broad border to prevent reoccurrence. The obstacle with many dogs, consisting of Max, was that the rear leg didn’t use much depth underneath the cancer or additional skin to close a large excision. In these cases, radiation treatment may be needed after surgical treatment. But that was 2020.

It was 2021, and a brand-new MCT treatment had actually simply been authorized in the United States for canine non-metastatic MCT. I had actually read reports from other nations about Stelfonta and was eager to see it in action. Since it was so brand-new, I referred Max to an oncologist for treatment. The fantastic news is any veterinarian can administer Stelfonta, and it’s ending up being extensively readily available. It’s likewise budget-friendly, specifically when compared to surgery and follow-up care.

Let’s Talk Stelfonta

Tigilanol tiglate injection, sold under the brand Stelfonta, was found in the Australian rain forest blushwood plant (Fontainea picrosperma). It was authorized by the FDA for dealing with non-metastatic mast cell growths in dogs in November 2020 and is only available through a veterinarian.

It’s injected directly into the growth and actually kills only the growth cells, leaving surrounding tissues unscathed. The tumor gradually dissolves, forming what appears like an open sore, over the next few weeks. Studies prove about 75% of MCTs are removed with a single injection, and 88% with two dosages. Sounds like a wonder to me.

Recovery Time

And it was. Max received his injection and within a week the cancer was developing into what can just be described as “mush.” The drug maker instructs dog owners to enable the pet to lick and clean it (no E-collars!), and not bandage or cover the wound. Extremely, the drug likewise promotes healing of regular tissues, so no antibiotics are required.

Within 2 months, Max’s tumor website was totally recovered with very little scarring. Due to the fact that the treatment is reasonably brand-new and we don’t comprehend what causes MCTs in the first location, it’s too early to state if dogs like Max will struggle with future growths.

This treatment is best for small, superficial cancers that have not spread. Not all MCTs can be treated with Stelfonta, and your veterinarian will identify if your canine is an appropriate candidate. The sloughing, open wound can be unsettling for some, so be prepared to observe a large sore for a couple of weeks. It took me a minute to subdue my veterinary-instinct to plaster and prescribe.

Max got his miracle. Throughout our last follow-up see a number of months post-Stelfonta, I understood the wonder was also for us. Max’s mom was pleased and said she was benefiting from every day she had with Max and her human family. Getting rid of the “word we dislike to hear” had actually offered her renewed gratitude for the easy pleasures of life and time spent with loved ones. Now that’s a real miracle.

The post Help for Mast Cell Tumor Patients by Dr. Ernie Ward appeared initially on Dogster. Copying over entire posts infringes on copyright laws. You might not understand it, however all of these short articles were assigned, contracted and spent for, so they aren’t thought about public domain. Nevertheless, we appreciate that you like the article and would enjoy it if you continued sharing just the first paragraph of an article, then connecting out to the remainder of the piece on Dogster.com.

Vizsla

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Vizsla

Quick Facts

  • Weight: 48 – – 66 pounds (21.77 – – 29.94 kg)
  • Height: 21 – – 25 inches (53.34 – – 63.50 cm)

The Look of a Vizsla

Vizslas are smooth, handsome, medium-sized pet dogs covered in short, golden brown coats. Their broad, clean-cut heads have tapered muzzles, brown noses and unique lines down the forehead. Their silky ears hang near to the cheek, and their eyes mix with their rusty-gold coat colors. They have long, muscular necks that slope down to broad shoulders, deep chests and brief backs. Their tails, generally docked at the midway mark, are brought horizontal. Overall, Vizslas have a noble however hardy appearance.

Qualities

  • Energetic
  • Curious
  • Loyal
  • Mild
  • Affectionate

Ideal Human Companion

  • Active, sporty types
  • Families
  • Joggers and hikers
  • Experienced pet handlers

What They Are Like to Live With Vizslas are gentle, energetic pets that form strong bonds with their households. In truth, Vizslas have been understood to follow their owners around your house … all day. They like to move about and play– in some cases at energetic levels– however they quickly adjust to family life and agree everyone. They are specifically good with kids.

Though connected to their owners, Vizslas are usually friendly with other people and pets. They look out to motions and sounds around your house, naturally, however they don’t make the very best watchdogs.

Vizsla owners can anticipate a particular quantity of tomfoolery around your house. These dogs have some quirky routines, like hopping onto laps, digging huge holes in the lawn and stealing treats. Likewise, watch on your favorite shoes: They are notorious chewers.

Things You Should Know

Vizslas require correct training from an early age. Without it, they can be shy, excitable and somewhat rambunctious. With firm, consistent instructions, Vizslas will be a lot easier to manage. They also thrive on attention: Make sure they get lots of quality “face time” and love.

These canines may be too big and active for apartment or condo living. They might easily feel confined in small areas. Ideally, Vizslas ought to have long, everyday walks and the periodic opportunity to run the leash. Without enough exercise, they can go a little batty. If you’re a jogger or hiker, take your Vizsla along– they have loads of endurance to keep you inspired.

A healthy Vizsla can live as long as 15 years. Generally healthy, some can develop hip dysplasia, epilepsy, hemophilia and skin allergies. The Vizsla’s sleek coat is really simple to groom, requiring just the periodic brushing to keep its shiny sheen.

Vizsla History

The Vizsla– likewise called the Hungarian Vizsla or Hungarian Pointer– came down from ancient searching pets owned by Magyars who settled in Hungary hundreds of years earlier. The ideal searching pet for Hungary’s agricultural lands, these pet dogs were quick, crafty and mindful. They likewise had an exceptional sense of odor. Current crossbreeding with the Weimaraner and the German Shorthaired Pointer created the wiry and refined version we see today.

The post Vizsla by dogedit appeared initially on Dogster. Copying over entire short articles infringes on copyright laws. You might not be aware of it, however all of these posts were designated, contracted and spent for, so they aren’t thought about public domain. Nevertheless, we appreciate that you like the short article and would like it if you continued sharing just the very first paragraph of an article, then linking out to the remainder of the piece on Dogster.com.

Can felines get COVID-19?


It’s real that felines can contract COVID-19. Let’s look at how, and what you can do to secure your own feline companion.

When I composed my very first article about felines and COVID-19 back in March of 2020, there were no validated cases. Ever since, a variety of felines, including large cats in zoos as well as domestic felines, have contracted the virus. So what does this mean to you as a cat moms and dad? What should you look for in your feline companion, and what do we need to do to keep our cats and ourselves safe? This post looks at the current discoveries about COVID-19 in felines.

Cats can get COVID for the exact same reasons we do

Early on, researchers figured out that the virus binds to ACE2 and co-opts its function for entry into cells. ACE2 receptors line the noses, lungs, and guts of human and cats. Although there are little distinctions, feline and human ACE2 are basically the same.

What this indicates is that felines can get this disease the same method people can. Airborne virus is breathed in, contaminates nasal cells, and disseminates throughout the body. Furthermore, cats clean themselves thoroughly, opening up a second possible path of oral infection that would be uncommon in humans.

While both people and cats can transfer COVID-19 to other cats, there have been no reports of a cat-to-human case.

Do felines give the virus to each other?

A number of highly-publicized research studies have demonstrated that, in speculative settings, felines can infect other cats with the virus. However, the data is dirty on cat-to-cat transmission in COVID-19 favorable households. Showing this type of transmission is difficult because too many variables are involved, such as a cat’s preference for one member of the family, space, or resource.

However, several groups are providing new data on the prevalence of positive cats in houses with COVID-19 cases. In general, the studies report restricted transmission, although larger studies might expose more information in upcoming months. “While we have actually had no housecat swabs test favorable for infection, we have preliminary information that some are antibody favorable, however these positives are not associated to severe disease in these animals,” states Tufts University researcher, Kaitlyn Sawatzki, PhD, who has been surveying cat-loving households in the New England location.

COVID-19 screening for cats

Part of the reason our understanding of feline infections stays insufficient is due to the fact that of issues surrounding COVID-19 testing for felines. Couple of tests are approved for animal use. To obtain a test for a feline, approval from the state veterinarian is typically needed. Costs add additional intricacies, making the window of opportunity extremely narrow for spotting active cases.

This indicates we are perhaps underreporting the actual variety of cases in cats. One thing is clear, though — — if cats were presenting more regularly with COVID-19 signs, we would see increased testing and clinical issue, however we are not.

Commonsense preventative measures

Keep in mind that for indoor felines, the risk of contracting COVID-19 is incredibly low.

  • The very best avoidance is to keep your feline at home, and limitation non-household individuals from communicating with him.
  • If you or somebody in your home has believed or validated COVID-19, limit or avoid interactions with your feline throughout the quarantine duration. “Treat your cat as another member of your home if you are COVID favorable and prevent close contact as much as possible,” states UC Davis veterinarian, Dr. Kate Hurley. “Alas, this is not the time to have him sleep in your bed or cuddle up with you.”
  • Studies show that cats shed virus in their feces, albeit for just a short time after infection. So it’s important to keep areas tidy and disinfected, especially in multi-cat homes with common litter boxes. Scoop litter routinely. Use a mask and gloves. Double bag the scooped product; some litters are dusty and the particles can disperse into the air. If possible, have an air-purifying system close by.
  • Last however far from least, be sure your feline takes pleasure in a healthy lifestyle to help keep his body immune system working well.

What are the signs of COVID-19 in felines?

Sick cats are not constantly easy to acknowledge. Early signs of infection may be missed out on or disregarded. If you or a family member has COVID-19, expect sleepiness, breathing concerns, respiratory discharges, coughing, sneezing, and diarrhea in your cat. Report any signs to your veterinarian as quickly as possible. An ill cat needs to be isolated for 14 days in a safe and comfortable place in your home.

Moving on

As the pandemic endures, science will continue discovering more about the COVID-19 infection in people and other types, including cats. To keep abreast of new advancements, look for the very best scientifically-guided information. For example, the UC Davis Koret Shelter Medicine program has a really comprehensive site committed to COVID-19 assistance for both clinicians and the general public. It provides useful advice for animal parents, fosters and adopters, in addition to a long list of web resources, including the most approximately date CDC, AVMA and WSAVA standards.

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Raw meat and bones– the answer to periodontal illness in dogs and cats?


A look at how nutrition impacts your dog or cat’s dental health, and why a diet that consists of raw meat and bones may be the very best way to avoid periodontal disease.

If you have a dog or feline with periodontal illness, you’re familiar with the indications. They include bleeding and agonizing gums; foul breath; tartar-covered teeth that loosen and might even come out; and receding gums with pus-filled pockets round the tooth roots. Needless to state, gum illness is very undesirable — — and extremely painful for your pet dog or cat. On the plus side, preserving good dental health in your animal companion might be as simple as supplying him with a diet of raw meat and bones.

Periodontal illness is endemic

Periodontal illness is one of the first degenerative illness procedures to afflict today’s domestic felines and pet dogs; in reality, it frequently begins before the animals even hit puberty. By the age of 5, around 85% of dogs and felines are exhibiting some degree of periodontal disease. This issue is reaching epidemic percentages in the canine and feline population throughout the Western world. And it is also an even more hazardous issue for our furry family members than it is for we humans.

One of the very first signs that a pet dog or feline has gum disease is a line of red, irritated tissue along the gum-line. Sadly, this is not something most people see. Gradually, nevertheless, especially when people fail to take appropriate preventative procedures, the indications of advancing disease end up being tough to dismiss. These can consist of excessive drooling, pawing at the mouth, discomfort when eating, hesitation to chew, and food dropping from the mouth when eating. Facial swelling, an unwillingness to be managed round the head, and even aggressiveness may likewise take place.

Gum disease begins insidiously as basic gingivitis, an inflammation of the gum-line with no damage to the supporting tooth structures. At this phase, standard hygiene measures (teeth cleaning up) or even a modification in diet plan might suffice to stop it in its tracks. However left unattended, the issue can end up being progressive, and to a degree, even irreparable, consisting of actual loss (resorption) of the jawbone itself. Even worse yet, gum illness can have long-term and devastating effects for other parts of the body, consisting of the cardiovascular, breathing, and immune systems, the kidneys, and less commonly, the reproductive system (the latter is less common only since many pets and felines are purified or sterilized at a young age). The mouth has actually become a focus of infection that is quietly and insidiously spreading out blood-borne bacterial infections around the body.

So what’s the option?

Numerous experts will say that the only way to avoid periodontal disease pet dogs and cats is by daily cleaning their teeth with a toothbrush and specially-formulated tooth paste. But that isn’t the only response. In truth, gum illness, as bad and as common as it is, does not need to be. It can be avoided, and (to a degree) even reversed and wiped out as soon as established. The ideas to the service depend on some basic epidemiological observations.

When I was a veterinary student in the early to mid-1970s, our lecturers stressed that we would not see a great deal of animals with illness of the periodontium if we practiced veterinary medicine here in Australia. Need to we pick to practice in North America, we would discover gum disease to be one of the most common issues we would come across. After graduating as a veterinary cosmetic surgeon, however, I witnessed a steady boost in the occurrence of gum illness in Australia, most particularly in the smaller pet breeds, with the Maltese terrier being a prime example. Now, we Australian vets find that gum illness is as typical here as it remains in the remainder of the industrialized world — — in all breeds of pet dogs and cats. The question is, why? The response turns out to be stealthily basic. The increased incidence of gum illness in Australia parallels the decreased feeding of raw meat and bones in canine and feline populations.

In the 70s, Australian dogs and felines munched on raw meaty bones and chunky pieces of raw meat. Difficult and abrasive animal tissues had been a consistent and regular part of their diet plans from time immemorial. On the other hand, pet dogs and felines in the US and Canada (in the 70s and today) consume a diet plan that– for the many part– lacks these easy food products.

Why raw food is so helpful for oral health How do raw meat and bones chart a healthy course for the canine and feline mouth? Their function is multifactorial. It involves optimal immune system operating; the continuous repopulation of the mouth with those organisms found in the raw food; the chemical nature of raw food; and the physical cleansing activities of meat, bone, cartilage, and tendons on tooth enamel and gums. Simply put, raw meat and bones produce the ideal conditions for healthy teeth and gums. This discusses why the Australian cat and canine population was mostly free of periodontal illness in the 1970s; it was due to the fact that the food they consumed fostered oral health. Meanwhile, this kind of food was not part of the canine and feline diet plan in North America.

Your pet or feline’s oral microbiome

To best handle any health issue, it is vital to understand how it develops in the first location. What are the prompting aspects and what, if anything, can we do about them? This is the stealthily basic technique to handling every health problem we might experience in ourselves or our animals. When it comes to gum disease, however, we need to look a little more carefully at the canine and feline mouth before we can gain that understanding.

The very first thing we notice is the millions upon countless germs that inhabit this area. This damp, warm, and food-filled cavern with its enamel-covered teeth and its numerous nooks and crannies is the ideal environment for supporting this bacteria. And yes, they are expected to be there; we have identified this group of creatures the oral “microbiome”. These single-celled organisms have lived in harmony with animals like dogs, felines, and human beings considering that multicellular life started some 600 million years back. And the secret to this consistency (health) or disharmony (disease — — in this case, gum illness) is food.

In a healthy mouth, the germs are principally air-loving species, the so-called gram-positive bacteria. * But when conditions are ripe for disharmony, air-hating, gram-negative bacterial species * tend to predominate.

So what elements identify the makeup of the oral microbiome in our felines and pets? When healthy bacteria predominate, they will stimulate a healthy immune action and ensure that the unhealthy germs do not grow. If dental health is ignored, a biofilm of unhealthy germs starts to build up on the tooth enamel. As a movie of plaque (made up of bacterial bodies and food debris) builds up, the progressively anaerobic conditions begin to favor the presence of gram-negative and hostile bacteria. These bacteria enjoy the lack of oxygen and start to thrive, out-competing the healthy germs and taking over as the primary organisms within the oral microbiome. It is at this stage that the secretions of these unhealthy germs, together with the body immune system’s over-reaction to their existence, begins its harmful impacts on the tissues that support the teeth. Periodontal illness has begun.

* When pathologists stain bacteria in order to see them under the microscopic lense, they can use the gram stain procedure. Gram-negative bacteria (discovered principally at the back end of the animal … e.g. in the colon) stain red, while gram-positive germs (discovered principally at the front end … e.g. in the mouth), stain purple.

The bottom line

The solution to periodontal illness in pets and felines is therefore rather basic– all that’s required is a change in diet plan. The response depends on the everyday use of nature’s tooth brush — — the simple raw, meaty bone with its attached cartilage and tendons, together with large chunks of difficult, raw meat. Even if your dog or feline consumes a dry or canned diet, the addition of raw food will help keep his teeth and gums healthy. We understand this through our contrast of Australian and North American pet dogs and cats back in the seventies — — and since a growing variety of people are reversing to this time-honored and effective way to rid their pet dogs and cats of periodontal illness, with outstanding results.

You can find out more about raw feeding at drianbillinghurst.com.

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